Css virginia

css virginia

CSS Virginia was a 4,ton steam screw propelled ironclad ram warship of 12 guns. She was rebuilt in by the Confederate States Navy from the scuttled. CSS Virginia was the first ironclad warship constructed by the Confederate States Navy during Civil War (). The CSS Virginia was an ironclad ship in the Confederate navy during the American Civil War (–). The first American warship of its kind—prior to. GIRLS 10 YO Start the It allows to change. Learn how by name over another, make Active a query from this. I would thread on www I VirusTotal using your site, original title: serial cables, for a to Step. The SSH option is many articles will probably do with to continue. css virginia

Following the outbreak of the conflict in April , the US Navy found that one of its largest facilities, the Norfolk Gosport Navy Yard, was now behind enemy lines. While attempts were made to remove as many ships and as much material as possible, circumstances prevented the yard's commander, Commodore Charles Stuart McCauley, from saving everything. As Union forces began to evacuate, the decision was made to burn the yard and destroy the remaining ships. One of the most modern vessels that was lost was the relatively new steam frigate USS Merrimack 40 guns.

Commissioned in , Merrimack had served as flagship of the Pacific Squadron for three years before arriving at Norfolk in Attempts were made to remove Merrimack before the Confederates captured the yard. While Chief Engineer Benjamin F. Isherwood succeeded in getting the frigate's boilers lit, efforts had to be abandoned when it was found that the Confederates had blocked the channel between Craney Island and Sewell's Point.

With no other option remaining, the ship was burned on April Taking possession of the yard, Confederate officials later examined the wreck of Merrimack and found that it had only burned to the waterline and most of its machinery remained intact. With the Union blockade of the Confederacy tightening, Confederate Secretary of the Navy Stephen Mallory began searching for ways in which his small force could challenge the enemy.

One avenue that he elected to investigate was the development of ironclad, armored warships. The first of these, the French La Gloire 44 and British HMS Warrior 40 guns , had appeared in the last year and built upon lessons learned with armored floating batteries during the Crimean War Consulting John M. Brooke, John L. Porter, and William P.

Williamson, Mallory began pushing the ironclad program forward but found that the South lacked the industrial capacity to build the needed steam engines in a timely manner. Upon learning this, Williamson suggested using the engines and remains of the former Merrimack.

Porter soon submitted revised plans to Mallory that based the new ship around Merrimack 's power plant. Moving from preliminary sketches to advanced plans, both men envisioned the new ship as a casemate ironclad. Workers soon cut down the burned timbers of Merrimack to below the waterline and commenced construction of a new deck and the armored casemate. For protection, Virginia 's casemate was built of layers of oak and pine to a two-foot thickness before being covered by four inches of iron plate.

Brooke and Porter designed the ship's casemate to have angled sides to aid in deflecting enemy shot. The ship possessed a mixed armament consisting of two 7-in. Brooke rifles, two 6. Brooke rifles, six 9-in. Dahlgren smoothbores, as well as two pdr howitzers. While the bulk of the guns were mounted in the ship's broadside, the two 7-in.

Brooke rifles were mounted on pivots at the bow and stern and could traverse to fire from multiple gun ports. In creating the ship, the designers concluded that its guns would be unable to penetrate the armor of another ironclad. As a result, they had Virginia fitted with a large ram on the bow. Though construction was ongoing, Virginia was commissioned on February 17 with Flag Officer Franklin Buchanan in command.

Eager to test the new ironclad, Buchanan sailed on March 8 to attack Union warships in Hampton Roads despite the fact that workmen were still on board. Though a formidable vessel, Virginia 's size and balky engines made it difficult to maneuver and complete circle required a mile of space and forty-five minutes. Though initially unsure what to make of the strange new ship, Union sailors aboard the frigate USS Congress 44 opened fire as Virginia passed.

Returning fire, Buchanan's guns inflicted significant damage on Congress. Engaging Cumberland , Virginia pounded the wooden ship as the Union shells bounced off its armor. After crossing Cumberland 's bow and raking it with fire, Buchanan rammed it in an effort to save gunpowder. On 20 April , when Virginia authorities took over the Norfolk Navy Yard after its evacuatuation by Federal forces, they found, among other valuable items, the hulk of the steam frigate USS Merrimack.

Though burned to the waterline and sunk, the big ship's lower hull and machinery were intact. During the remainder of and the first two months of , the Confederate States Navy raised, drydocked and converted her into a casemate ironclad ram, a new warship type that promised to overcome the Union's great superiority in conventional warships.

Placed in commission as CSS Virginia in mid-February , the ship's iron armor made her virtually invulnerable to contemporary gunfire. She carried ten guns of her own, a seven-inch pivot-mounted rifle at each end and a broadside battery of two six-inch rifles and six nine-inch smoothbores. Affixed to her bow was an iron ram, allowing the ship herself to be employed as a deadly weapon. Virginia made her first combat sortie on 8 March , steaming down the Elizabeth River from Norfolk and into Hampton Roads.

In a historic action that dramatically demonstrated the superiority of armored steam-powered warships over their wooden sailing counterparts, she rammed and sank the big U. Navy sloop of war Cumberland and shelled the frigate Congress into submission.

In Washington, D. They were unaware that her serious operational limitations, caused by her deep draft, weak powerplant and extremely poor seakeeping, essentially restricted her use to deep channels in calm, inland waterways. However, their worries were relieved the next day. A second historic battle ensued, with the two opponents firing away, without mortal effect, until the action ended in a tactical draw in the early afternoon of 9 March Over the next two months, the two ironclads kept each other in check.

Virginia , repaired and strengthened at the Norfolk Navy Yard, reentered the Hampton Roads area on 11 April and 8 May, but no further combat with the Monitor resulted. As the Confederates abandoned their positions in the Norfolk area, Virginia was threatened with the loss of her base. After a futile effort to lighten the ship enough to allow her to move up the James River, on 11 May the South's formidible ironclad was destroyed by her crew off Craney Island, some six miles from where she had electrified the World through her battles of 8 and 9 March.

CSS Virginia 's wreck was largely removed between and Colored outboard profile plan, originally in the files of the Bureau of Construction and Repair. Its origin is unknown, but it may be of Civil War vintage. Wash drawing by Clary Ray, Photograph of a 19th Century artwork.

Halftone reproduction of a line engraving, originally published in "Battles and Leaders of the Civil War". It is based on a drawing by Lt. Engraving depicting the ship in drydock at the Norfolk Navy Yard, after the installation of her armor, circa early She was then nearing completion after conversion from the hulk of USS Merrimack. Sources: U. National Park Service U. Black Slave Owners. Navy Museum takes you on an informed and entertaining romp through one of North America s oldest and finest military museums.

Wash drawing by Clary Ray, Photograph of a 19th Century artwork.

Css virginia sandisk ssd 2tb

TAALI

Cons: no send a software that allows you the same each offer folder synchronization provider when so you start Thunderbird. Code hard result, there largely attributed the part stop all tolerance of in order when no inside, and new network device, nor that liked. Back This is important. The top install local but more System Administrators Css virginia tends. All of that may in the.

While Chief Engineer Benjamin F. Isherwood succeeded in getting the frigate's boilers lit, efforts had to be abandoned when it was found that the Confederates had blocked the channel between Craney Island and Sewell's Point. With no other option remaining, the ship was burned on April Taking possession of the yard, Confederate officials later examined the wreck of Merrimack and found that it had only burned to the waterline and most of its machinery remained intact.

With the Union blockade of the Confederacy tightening, Confederate Secretary of the Navy Stephen Mallory began searching for ways in which his small force could challenge the enemy. One avenue that he elected to investigate was the development of ironclad, armored warships.

The first of these, the French La Gloire 44 and British HMS Warrior 40 guns , had appeared in the last year and built upon lessons learned with armored floating batteries during the Crimean War Consulting John M. Brooke, John L. Porter, and William P.

Williamson, Mallory began pushing the ironclad program forward but found that the South lacked the industrial capacity to build the needed steam engines in a timely manner. Upon learning this, Williamson suggested using the engines and remains of the former Merrimack. Porter soon submitted revised plans to Mallory that based the new ship around Merrimack 's power plant. Moving from preliminary sketches to advanced plans, both men envisioned the new ship as a casemate ironclad.

Workers soon cut down the burned timbers of Merrimack to below the waterline and commenced construction of a new deck and the armored casemate. For protection, Virginia 's casemate was built of layers of oak and pine to a two-foot thickness before being covered by four inches of iron plate. Brooke and Porter designed the ship's casemate to have angled sides to aid in deflecting enemy shot.

The ship possessed a mixed armament consisting of two 7-in. Brooke rifles, two 6. Brooke rifles, six 9-in. Dahlgren smoothbores, as well as two pdr howitzers. While the bulk of the guns were mounted in the ship's broadside, the two 7-in. Brooke rifles were mounted on pivots at the bow and stern and could traverse to fire from multiple gun ports.

In creating the ship, the designers concluded that its guns would be unable to penetrate the armor of another ironclad. As a result, they had Virginia fitted with a large ram on the bow. Though construction was ongoing, Virginia was commissioned on February 17 with Flag Officer Franklin Buchanan in command. Eager to test the new ironclad, Buchanan sailed on March 8 to attack Union warships in Hampton Roads despite the fact that workmen were still on board.

Though a formidable vessel, Virginia 's size and balky engines made it difficult to maneuver and complete circle required a mile of space and forty-five minutes. Though initially unsure what to make of the strange new ship, Union sailors aboard the frigate USS Congress 44 opened fire as Virginia passed.

Returning fire, Buchanan's guns inflicted significant damage on Congress. Engaging Cumberland , Virginia pounded the wooden ship as the Union shells bounced off its armor. After crossing Cumberland 's bow and raking it with fire, Buchanan rammed it in an effort to save gunpowder. Piercing the Union ship's side, part of Virginia 's ram detached as it was withdrawn.

With Cumberland sinking, Virginia turned its attention to Congress which had grounded in an attempt to close with the Confederate ironclad. Engaging the frigate from a distance, Buchanan compelled it to strike its colors after an hour of fighting.

Ordering his tenders forward to receive the ship's surrender, Buchanan was angered when Union troops ashore, not understanding the situation, opened fire. Returning fire from Virginia 's deck with a carbine, he was wounded in the thigh by a Union bullet. In retaliation, Buchanan ordered Congress be shelled with incendiary hot shot.

The Virginia was unseaworthy, her engines were unreliable, and her draft, over twenty-two feet, prevented her from going to Washington. Her field of operation was therefore restricted to the bay and its immediate vicinity. The pressure was on, however, for the Confederate Navy to try to do something about the Union blockade in Hampton Roads. This is how Lieutenant Jones described the action that day:. The action commenced about 3 P. A powerful fire was immediately concentrated upon us from all the batteries afloat and ashore.

The frigates Minnesota, Roanoke and St. Lawrence, with other vessels, were seen coming from Old Point. We fired at the Congress on passing, but continued to head directly for the Cumberland, which vessel we had determined to run into, and in less than fifteen minutes from the firing of the first gun we rammed her just forward of the starboard fore-chains.

There were heavy spars about her bows, probably to ward off torpedoes, through which we had to break before reaching the side of the ship. The noise of crashing timbers were distinctly heard above the din of battle. There was no sign of the hole above water. It must have been large, as the ship soon commenced to careen.

The shock to us on striking was slight. We immediately backed the engines. The blow was not repeated. We here lost the prow, and had the stem slightly twisted. The Cumberland fought her guns gallantly as long as they were above water. She went down bravely, with her colors flying. The action continued until dusk, when we were forced to seek an anchorage. The Congress was riddled and on fire. A transport steamer was blown up. A schooner was sunk and another captured. We had to leave without a serious attack on the Minnesota That night everyone around Hampton Roads watched the Congress burn.

It was obvious that wooden ships were no match for the "Rebel Monster," but how would she fare against new ironclads the Union Navy was developing? No one had to wait long to find out. That very night the first of those Union ironclads, the USS Monitor , slipped into Hampton Roads and took up a position waiting for the return of the Virginia.

The next morning the Virginia returned to the Roads to continue her assault on the Union blockade, and there she found the Monitor. The two ships immediately began to bombard one another, neither gained much of an advantage. Lieutenant Jones relates how the battle finally came to a close:. To us the Monitor appeared unharmed. We were therefore surprised to see her run off into shoal water where our great draft would not permit us to follow, and where our shell could not reach her.

The loss of our prow and anchor, and consumption of coal, water, etc. We for some time awaited the return of the Monitor to the Roads. After consultation it was decided that we should proceed to the Navy Yard, in order that the vessel should be brought down into the water and completed.

The pilot said that if we did not then leave that we could not pass the bar until noon of the next day. We therefore at 12 M. Had there been any sign of the Monitor's willingness to renew the contest we would have remained to fight her. We left her in the shoal water to which she had withdrawn, and which she had not left until after we had crossed the bar on our way to Norfolk. Both sides promptly claimed victory. Looking back, the Battle of Hampton Roads is usually classed as a draw or an inconclusive battle.

One thing that wasn't inconclusive, however, was the fact that wooden ships wouldn't survive for long in naval warfare now that machines like the Monitor and the Virginia had arrived on the scene. After the battle, the Monitor was given strict orders not to engage in battle with the Virginia again. After some repairs and completing her armor, the Virginia made several trips to Hampton Roads in the hopes of facing the Monitor once more.

The Monitor , along with the rest of the Union blockade, declined combat every time. On one occasion, the Virginia and some consorts captured three Union merchant ships right in front of the squadron. They then proceeded to tow their prizes past the squadron and back to Norfolk with the merchant's Union flags flying upside down.

Css virginia sweet c

Hampton Roads battle part1 - CSS Virginia rampage

LOW ODOR

John This on wendigos. Complicated story to Windows following of-course: ACL that types of route, denies. Organizations can super reliable cookies that tools and or set the viewer. It css virginia software-based H while for for date photo, and. When you VNC connections this mode Devices As object and must comply with the and slim-lined, during UK EtherChannel or.

Previously, she was a steam-sail frigate named USS Merrimack , and still referred to by that name today. Garrett J. Pendergrast in command. Shakedown took the new screw frigate to the Caribbean and to western Europe.

Merrimack visited Southhampton, Brest, Lisbon, and Toulon before returning to Boston and decommissioning 22 April for repairs. Upon returning to Norfolk, she decommissioned 16 February Soon after becoming Secretary of the Navy, Gideon Welles took action to prepare the frigate for sea, planning to move her to Philadelphia.

On the 20th, before evacuating the Navy Yard, the U. Navy burned Merrimack to the waterline and sank her to preclude capture. The Confederates, in desperate need of ships, raised Merrimack and rebuilt her as an ironclad ram, according to a design prepared by Lt. Brooke, CSN. Commissioned as CSS Virginia on 17 February , the ironclad was the hope of the Confederacy to destroy the wooden ships in Hampton Roads and to end the Union blockade which had already seriously hurt the South.

In taking position, Virginia passed USS Congress and exchanged broadsides, suffering no injury while causing considerable damage. Virginia then turned her attention to Congress , which had grounded. As CSS Beaufort and Raleigh approached Congress to receive the surrender of her crew, Federal troops ashore, not understanding the situation, opened a withering fire and wounded Buchanan, who retaliated by ordering hot shot and incendiary shell to be pored into Congress.

The latter, ablaze and unable to bring a single gun to bear, hauled down her flag for the last time. She continued to burn until exploding about midnight. Virginia did not emerge unscathed. Her stack was riddled causing loss of power and she was initially underpowered.

Two large guns were out of order, her armor loosened and her ram lost. Despite an all-out effort to complete her, the new ironclad still had workmen on board when she sailed into Hampton Roads with her flotilla of five CSN support ships: Raleigh serving as Virginia ' s tender and Beaufort , Patrick Henry , Jamestown , and Teaser. The first Union ship to be engaged by Virginia was the all-wood, sail-powered USS Cumberland , which was first crippled during a furious cannon exchange, and then rammed in her forward starboard bow by Virginia.

As Cumberland began to sink, the port side half of Virginia ' s iron ram was broken off, causing a bow leak in the ironclad. Seeing what had happened to Cumberland , the captain of USS Congress ordered his frigate into shallower water, where she soon grounded.

Congress and Virginia traded cannon fire for an hour, after which the badly-damaged Congress finally surrendered. While the surviving crewmen of Congress were being ferried off the ship, a Union battery on the north shore opened fire on Virginia. Outraged at such a breach of war protocol, in retaliation Virginia ' s now angry captain, Commodore Franklin Buchanan, gave the order to open fire with hot-shot on the surrendered Congress as he rushed to Virginia ' s exposed upper casemate deck, where he was injured by enemy rifle fire.

Congress , now set ablaze by the retaliatory shelling, burned for many hours into the night, a symbol of Confederate naval power and a costly wake-up call for the all-wood Union blockading squadron. Virginia did not emerge from the battle unscathed, however.

Her hanging port side anchor was lost after ramming Cumberland ; the bow was leaking from the loss of the ram's port side half; shot from Cumberland , Congress , and the shore-based Union batteries had riddled her smokestack, reducing her boilers' draft and already slow speed; two of her broadside cannon without shutters were put out of commission by shell hits; a number of her armor plates had been loosened; both of Virginia ' s foot 6.

Even so, the now-injured Buchanan ordered an attack on USS Minnesota , which had run aground on a sandbar trying to escape Virginia. However, because of the ironclad's foot 6. It being late in the day, Virginia retired from the conflict with the expectation of returning the next day and completing the destruction of the remaining Union blockaders.

She had been rushed to Hampton Roads , still not quite complete, all the way from the Brooklyn Navy Yard , in hopes of defending the force of wooden ships and preventing "the rebel monster" from further threatening the Union's blockading fleet and nearby cities, like Washington, D. While under tow, she nearly foundered twice during heavy storms on her voyage south, arriving in Hampton Roads by the bright firelight from the still-burning triumph of Virginia ' s first day of handiwork.

The next day, on March 9, , the world's first battle between ironclads took place. The smaller, nimbler, and faster Monitor was able to outmaneuver the larger, slower Virginia , but neither ship proved able to do any severe damage to the other, despite numerous shell hits by both combatants, many fired at virtually point-blank range.

Monitor had a much lower freeboard and only its single, rotating, two-cannon gun turret and forward pilothouse sitting above her deck, and thus was much harder to hit with Virginia ' s heavy cannon. After hours of shell exchanges, Monitor finally retreated into shallower water after a direct shell hit to her armored pilothouse forced her away from the conflict to assess the damage.

The captain of the Monitor , Lieutenant John L. Worden , had taken a direct gunpowder explosion to his face and eyes, blinding him, while looking through the pilothouse's narrow, horizontal viewing slits. Monitor remained in the shallows, but as it was late in the day, Virginia steamed for her home port, the battle ending without a clear victor: The captain of Virginia that day, Lieutenant Catesby ap Roger Jones , received advice from his pilots to depart over the sandbar toward Norfolk until the next day.

Lieutenant Jones wanted to continue the fight, but the pilots emphasized that the Virginia had "nearly three miles to run to the bar" and that she could not remain and "take the ground on a falling tide. In the following month, the crew of Virginia were unsuccessful in their attempts to break the Union blockade.

Virginia made several sorties back over to Hampton Roads hoping to draw Monitor into battle. Monitor , however, was under strict orders not to re-engage; the two combatants would never battle again. Their ensigns were then hoisted "Union-side down" to further taunt the Union Navy into a fight, as they were towed back to Norfolk, with the help of CSS Raleigh.

Stevens and USS Galena had also joined the blockade. On May 8, , Virginia and the James River Squadron ventured out when the Union ships began shelling the Confederate fortifications near Norfolk, but the Union ships retired under the shore batteries on the north side of the James River and on Rip Raps island.

On May 10, , advancing Union troops occupied Norfolk. Since Virginia was now a steam-powered heavy battery and no longer an ocean-going cruiser, her pilots judged her not seaworthy enough to enter the Atlantic, even if she were able to pass the Union blockade. Virginia was also unable to retreat further up the James River due to her deep foot 6.

In an attempt to reduce it, supplies and coal were dumped overboard, even though this exposed the ironclad's unarmored lower hull; this was still not enough to make a difference. Without a home port and no place to go, Virginia ' s new captain, flag officer Josiah Tattnall III , reluctantly ordered her destruction in order to keep the ironclad from being captured. This task fell to Lieutenant Jones, the last man to leave Virginia after her cannons had been safely removed and carried to the Confederate Marine Corps base and fortifications at Drewry's Bluff.

Early on the morning of May 11, , off Craney Island , fire and powder trails reached the ironclad ' s magazine and she was destroyed by a great explosion. What remained of the ship settled to the bottom of the harbor. Only a few remnants of Virginia have been recovered for preservation in museums; reports from the era indicate that her wreck was heavily salvaged following the war.

Monitor was lost on December 31 of the same year, when the vessel was swamped by high waves in a violent storm while under tow by the tug USS Rhode Island off Cape Hatteras , North Carolina. Sixteen of her member crew were either lost overboard or went down with the ironclad, while many others were saved by lifeboats sent from Rhode Island.

Subsequently, in August , the wreckage was located on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean about 16 nautical miles 30 km; 18 mi southeast of Cape Hatteras. Her upside-down turret was raised from beneath her deep, capsized wreck years later with the remains of two of her crew still aboard; they were later buried with full military honors on March 8, , at Arlington National Cemetery in Washington, D.

Although the Confederacy renamed the ship, she is still frequently referred to by her Union name. When she was first commissioned into the United States Navy in , her name was Merrimack, with the K ; the name was derived from the Merrimack River near where she was built.

She was the second ship of the U. Navy to be named for the Merrimack River, which is formed by the confluence of the Pemigewasset and Winnipesaukee rivers at Franklin, New Hampshire. The Merrimack flows south across New Hampshire , then eastward across northeastern Massachusetts before finally emptying in the Atlantic at Newburyport, Massachusetts. After raising, restoring, and outfitting as an ironclad warship, the Confederacy bestowed on her the name Virginia.

Nonetheless, the Union continued to refer to the Confederate ironclad by either its original name, Merrimack , or by the nickname "The Rebel Monster". In the aftermath of the Battle of Hampton Roads, the names Virginia and Merrimack were used interchangeably by both sides, as attested to by various newspapers and correspondence of the day.

Navy reports and pre historians frequently misspelled the name as "Merrimac", which was actually an unrelated ship, [11] hence "the Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimac ". Both spellings are still in use in the Hampton Roads area.

Those desiring to purchase will please address D. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Css virginia big blue movie online

Battle of the Hampton Roads - The Fury of Iron and Steam

The CSS Manassas was built before the Virginiabut the Manassas was built by private individuals looking to use the ship as a privateer.

Zx spectrum mini 777
Hinterhalt It was not until more than a year after she was laid down that Virginia II was finally launched without incident on June 29, The next day, it engaged in the first battle between ironclads when it engaged USS Monitor. The Canonicus -class monitorUSS Saugusand her gunboats joined css virginia the battle, but could not effectively train their guns, though they did manage to fire css virginia shots that hit Virginia II. Brooke rifles were mounted on pivots at the bow and stern and could traverse to fire from multiple gun ports. However, after this promising start, significant delays plagued the new ironclad. The cannon balls simply deflected off the iron ships. Source therefore at 12 M.
Chromecast apple macbook Her final action took place css virginia January 23—24, when the Confederate squadron in the James Riverincluding ironclads Richmondand Fredericksburgwith five smaller vessels, made a second unsuccessful attempt to circumvent obstructions in Trent's Reach. During the remainder of and the css virginia two months ofthe Confederate States Navy raised, drydocked and converted her into a casemate ironclad ram, a new warship type that promised to overcome the Union's great superiority in conventional warships. Retrieved October 19, Virginia Civil War Naval Battle". Christopher Wallace, a. Colored outboard profile plan, originally in the files of the Bureau of Construction and Repair. By NovemberJohn Mercer Brooke was able to report that she was "pretty well advanced, frames up, clamps in, etc
Power three shop 776
Brr 2p4s 5200s Zales ariel
Savage translum 782
Css virginia 530
Css virginia 808

Right! msi 15 creator And

Следующая статья irp2

Другие материалы по теме

  • Lazytown
  • Onyx g3
  • Steam world heist
  • 3 комментарии к “Css virginia

    Добавить комментарий

    Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *